Foreign workers Is a distinction drawn between local and foreign workers? Probation An employment contract may be agreed to start with a trial period of not more that four months, or in some cases, six months 1: Depending on the circumstances, such provisions may be deemed comparable to a non-compete undertaking.
What are the rules applicable to final pay and deductions from wages? The employer is bound by a strict requirement regarding the collection and processing of personal data of its employees — that is, the employer may process only data directly necessary for the employment relationship.
The processing time depends on the type of permit, on the application and on the applicant for example, whether the permit applies to the applicant themselves or to a family member. For this purpose, also days of absence due to sickness, lay-offs etc.
If no collective bargaining agreement applies to an employment relationship, and the employer and the employee have not agreed on remuneration, the employee must be paid reasonable remuneration for the work performed.
Furthermore, its is common that collective agreements provide for trade union courses and other educational leaves. A specific provision on constructive dismissal in connection Finnish labor law a transfer of undertaking is included in Sec.
National Finnish labor law Law Profile: This, in turn, may increase productivity as the employer is able to choose the person best suited to the job more freely. The terms of employment applicable to temporary agency workers are determined by their employment contracts with the temporary employment agency, the applicable collective agreement which may be different from the collective agreement applied by the user company and the provisions of law.
Discrimination on the basis of state of health or disability is prohibited. On the other hand, the termination has been made easier for some circumstances, such as the death or bankruptcy of the employer or a court-directed business reorganisation procedure.
The new wave of immigrants were a generation separated from their Finnish-Canadian brethren and had no connection to the social struggles of the past. However, it is recommended and customary in Finland to have employment contracts in writing.
The employer is only allowed to process personal data directly necessary for the employee's employment relationship.
The right to rescind must normally be exercised within 14 days after the employer has learned about the cause. The legislative power is vested on the Parliament and the President of the Republic.
Certain collective agreements can also be declared generally applicable, provided that the agreements are considered representative in the specific sector in question.
The regulation in effect prohibits closed shop arrangements. Overtime may be partly or completely converted into corresponding time off work if agreed between the parties.
As a general rule, all communication is confidential, unless otherwise provided by law. As frommost collective agreements have included clauses on collection of union dues by check-off.
A fixed-term employment contract generally cannot be terminated, but expires either: The same applies to work done on a number of Church festivals which have been transferred to Saturdays.
However, field specific collective agreements typically contain particular rules concerning the working hours permissible for shift work.
Contract of Employment Permanent and fixed-term contracts of employment Under the Employment Contracts Act, an employment contract is presumed to have been made for an indefinite period unless it is expressly concluded for a specified period for a valid reason.
In practice, this means that the use of zero-hour contracts will likely be limited to some extent.
In addition, requiring a drug test certificate can be requested if the applicant is to carry out tasks that include teaching or caring for a minor. This is likely to increase the turnover rate of labour. In practice, this refers to redundancies. Employers that regularly employ at least 20 employees in Finland are subject to specific cooperation obligations.
A foreign national who deliberately without a right to gainful employment is gainfully employed or pursues a trade can be given a fine for a violation of the Aliens Act.
Pay issues The amount of pay is not fixed directly by law in Finland. These rules of Sec. The most important of these issues relate to business reorganizations leading to collective dismissals or a transfer of the undertaking or a part thereof.
As regards public holidays, a special Act has been passed in to guarantee that employees get their normal pay also on Independence Day, 6 December. In addition, Finnish employees enjoy high protection against dismissal compared to many other jurisdictions.
As well as legislation and employment contracts, certain legal principles, case law, legal preparatory works, established company practices and internal rules also govern employment relationships.
What protection do employees have from discrimination or harassment, and on what grounds? What prior approvals do foreign nationals require to work in your country? The assessment of enforceability is carried out on a case-by-case basis.
Additionally, the employer is now entitled to extend the trial period if the employee has been absent from work during the trial period due to family leave or due to being incapable of working.The Finnish legislation can be found at palmolive2day.com and English trans- lations of labour legislation are also available on the Ministry of Employ- ment and the Economy’s website, at palmolive2day.com This Guide to Law Online Finland contains a selection of Finnish legal, juridical, and governmental sources accessible through the Internet.
Links provide access to primary documents, legal commentary, and general government information about specific jurisdictions and topics. Finnish employment law provides pregnant employees and employees on family leave with enhanced protection against dismissal.
Further, an employee has the right to be absent from work due to sickness. The Finnish legislation can be found at palmolive2day.com and English trans- lations of labour legislation are also available on the Ministry of Employ-.
The competitiveness agreement. In both andthe most significant topic on the Finnish labour market has been the so-called competitiveness agreement that was the result of the labour market settlement negotiated by Finnish central organisations.
This Guide to Law Online Finland contains a selection of Finnish legal, juridical, and governmental sources accessible through the Internet. Links provide access to primary documents, legal commentary, and general government information about specific jurisdictions and topics.Download