How to write a research paper discussion section

We develop a rhythm as we read and parallel structures facilitate our comprehension.

Writing a Discussion Section

You then guide us through a series of intricate images and graphs that capture all the relevant data you collected during your research. Unanticipated amounts of side effects or pain?

Keep in mind good persuasive argument skills, such as explaining the strengths of your arguments and highlighting the weaknesses of contrary opinions. The results need to be presented in enough detail for someone not familiar with the scientific paper to understand them.

Allyn and Bacon, The numbers should be sequential, in the same order as the tables or figures are presented in the text. Describe the nature of the knowledge gap you were trying to fill using the results of your study. The reader passes through a test of boredom while reading paragraphs of the Discussion section apart from the introductory, and the last paragraphs.

Remind us why we should be interested in this research project.

How to write a discussion section?

Do not introduce new results in the discussion section. Also, your discussion should be logically structured. Doing so might raise questions about your initial research design and protocols.

Our approach on this subject is to write all structured parts of the manuscript at the same time, and start writing the manuscript while reading the first literature. Are tables and graphs clearly labeled and appropriately scaled? Making conclusions that cannot be made from their data — you need to be able to differentiate between strong and weak results do not exaggerate your findings.

On the other hand references should be promptly put in place while writing the manuscript, Sorting, and placement of the references should not be left to the last moment.

You have to keep in mind, that from your point of view, the argument and facts are arranged in a descending manner, taking into consideration how you intend to communicate your thoughts, speculations and conclusions.

Conduct, Critique, and Utilization. When using standard lab or field methods and instrumentation, it is not always necessary to explain the procedures e. Make sure to factor in all results relevant to the questions even if those results were not statistically significant.

Not repeat information from the results and introduction sections Relate the results to the aims Show how the results agree or disagree with previously published literature Indicate the significance of the results Suggest future work or planned follow-up research Conclusion Often the conclusion will be in the final paragraph of the discussion but it can sometimes be in a separate section.

The results of the germination experiment Fig. Your discussion section is a review of your findings, and it should show you really understand them.

If more than one unexpected finding emerged during the study, describe each of them in the order they appeared as you gathered or analyzed the data. This can include re-visiting key sources already cited in your literature review section, or, save them to cite later in the discussion section if they are more important to compare with your results instead of being a part of the general literature review of research used to provide context and background information.

On principle, simple, clear and effective language should be used throughout the text. Besides application of a template which contains the intended clear-cut messages to be followed will contribute to the communication of net messages.

This can be followed by any recommendations for further research.Keep the following sequential points in mind as you organize and write the discussion section of your paper: Think of your discussion as an inverted pyramid.

Organize the discussion from the general to the specific, linking your findings to the literature, then to theory, then to practice [if appropriate]. Indeed, every discussion should include a "humility" section that addresses the study's limitations, write Cone and Foster. But avoid beginning the discussion with a long list of study limitations, says Nolen-Hoeksema.

Most journal-style scientific papers are subdivided into the following sections: Title, Authors and Affiliation, Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments, and Literature Cited, which parallel the experimental process.

This is the system we will use. In this critical part of the research paper, you start the process of explaining any links and correlations apparent in your data.

If you left few interesting leads and open questions in the results section, the discussion is simply a matter of building upon those and expanding them. How to write the results and discussion.

Michael P. Dosch CRNA MS June Results. Be happy! You’re getting there. Just a small amount of writing. The discussion section is a very important part of your dissertation or research paper. It is also one of the most difficult parts to write, and sometimes the longest.

Yet, many students write .

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How to write a research paper discussion section
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